From Japan – AFR (JP24) Information
1. Descartes Systems Blog – A Smooth Start In March 2014
On March 10, 2014 has marked the final step in Japan’s Ocean Advance Filing Rules (AFR-JP24) implementation. Since that time, filers around the globe are now required to send data to Japan Customs or face potential penalties where Descartes Systems is fully ready and available to service all such customers. Descartes customers were among the first to move into compliance and successfully submit thousands of messages in the first week alone. As a pioneer in the field of regulatory compliance, Descartes was also the first logistics technology provider to work with the Nippon Automated Cargo and Port Consolidated System (NACCS) Center to electronically submit manifest information to Japan Customs.
デカルト社は米国向け貨物のセキュリティ対応サービスに加えて日本国財務省関税局(税関)が2014年3 月10日施行した『出港前報告制度AFR』に必要な電子ファイリングサービス、新たな電子ファイリングサービス(AFR-JP24)、を同社日本代理店 (オーシャンコマース社)を通じて提供しています。出港前報告制度では日本向けの輸入貨物が海外港を出港する24時間前までに貨物情報を日本側に送信することを義務付けるもので、船社のマスターB／L情報とNVOCCのハウスB／L情報が報告義務化されています。これまでの米国やEUでのファイリングサービスの豊富な経験と実績を持つデカルト社では、JP24に必要な機能をFiling Platformを共通としながらも日本税関が求める特徴あるAFR-JP24として開発しました。このサービスは既に多くの船社及びNVOCCの皆様により利用頂いています。また、当該システムは導入来、非常に順調に運用されており、本番施行後に新たに必要なシステムの更新もユーザに使い易い操作性を目指して既に複数回行われ、これからも継続実施されます。
Japan’s Advance Filing Rule, JP24, Now Required
Descartes Customers Have Three Options to Help Ensure Compliance
Jos Nuijten is Vice President, Network Integration Strategy at Descartes
March 10 at 12am Japan Standard Time (JST) marked the final step in Japan’s Ocean Advance Filing Rules (AFR) implementation timeline. As of that time, filers are now required to send data to Japan Customs or face potential penalties.
Since the official go-live date when Japan Customs began accepting filings, hundreds of Descartes customers were among the first to move into compliance and successfully submit thousands of messages in the first week alone. As a pioneer in the field of regulatory compliance, Descartes was also the first logistics technology provider to work with the Nippon Automated Cargo and Port Consolidated System (NACCS) Center to electronically submit manifest information to Japan Customs.
Filers range in size from frequent, high-volume shippers to those who only occasionally discharge cargo into the country. Adopting a right-size compliance solution is critical in the highly-competitive carrier and Non- Vessel Operating Common Carriers) NVOCC market. It is essential that the technology selected effectively mirrors the size, needs and technology capabilities of the filer.
Descartes’ customers have an advantage in that they have several choices to select from to help ensure compliance including:
- Option 1 – For frequent, higher-volume shippers, Descartes offers an advanced, tightly-integrated, system-to-system EDI connection.
- Option 2 – For mid-volume filers, we offer a powerful web-based option that helps users key-in information in an intuitive, and easy-to-navigate interface.
- Option 3 –For lower-volume, lower-frequency filers, or those who require a solution with a rapid time-to-market with little technology cost outlay, Descartes offers a streamlined service-driven solution that helps fulfill regulatory compliance through a simple fax and/or email approach.
What are the potential fines and penalties associated with Japan Ocean AFR non-compliance?
With filing now mandatory, ensuring an accurate, timely Japan Ocean AFR submission is now more important than ever. In addition, Japan Customs has provided clarification on the potential fines and penalties associated with Japan Ocean AFR non-compliance.
It has stated that those who intentionally file false information could be imprisoned for a term of up to a year or could receive a fine of up to JPY 500 thousand. The agency has additionally noted that those who intentionally discharge cargo without permission could also potentially face the same penalty. Late or incomplete declarations could be subject to penalties by the Japanese government and cargo could also be refused entry into Japan.
For more information, please visit Descartes’ Ocean Japan AFR online resource center at: https://www.descartes.com/japan-ocean-afr.
Descartes Japan AFR Software for JP24 Compliance
The Descartes Japan Ocean AFR™ solution provides the ability for companies to comply with Japan’s Ocean Advance Filing Rules (AFR). Descartes Japan Ocean AFR leverages the power of the Descartes Global Logistics Network™ (Descartes GLN™) to electronically transmit cargo and party-related information to Japan’s Ministry of Finance’s Customs and Tariff Bureau (Japan Customs).
Descartes was the first logistics technology provider to work with the Nippon Automated Cargo and Port Consolidated System (NACCS) Center to electronically submit manifest information to Japan Customs. NACCS began its privatization process in October of 2008 and is the sole organization responsible for planning, creating and operating systems for the electronic processing of import- and export-related data for the Japanese government.
The Descartes Japan Ocean AFR solution enables manual entry of cargo manifest information through to a tightly-integrated, system-to-system connection via Electronic Data Interchange (EDI).
Japan’s Advance Filing Rules (JP24) FAQ
Download the Japan’s Ocean Advance Filing Rules (FAQs) as a PDF or simply view below:
What are Japan Ocean Advance Filing Rules (AFR)?
On March 30, 2012, Japan’s primary legislative body, the National Diet, enacted a law that will require additional advanced information for cargo bound for its ports. On May 25, 2012, Japan Customs announced that it would take action to enact the law. The requirements apply to maritime or ocean cargo only. The regulation went into full effect on March 10, 2014.
When does an Ocean AFR filing need to be submitted?
Unlike other global advanced manifest regulations, the exact timing for AFR filings to Japan Customs depends on the port of origin and to what Japanese port the freight is destined to arrive. For example, if a shipment departed from South Korea and is bound for Tokyo, then advanced information will be required 24-hours prior to departure of the ocean vessel. For this reason, Japan Ocean AFR is also known as the Japanese Ocean 24-Hour Rule (JP24).
Download a PDF provided by Japan’s Customs and Tariff Bureau with more information on Japan’s Ocean AFR submission guidelines and for a comprehensive matrix of anticipated cut-off times and origin-country submission details for certain short-distance shipping routes.
Who must file a Japan Ocean AFR submission?
Both carriers and NVOCCs (Non Vessel Operating Common Carriers) are required to transmit cargo and party-related information to Japan Customs. In addition, all advanced filings must be transmitted electronically.
Download a PDF summarizing the Advance Filing Rules on Maritime Container cargoes provided by Japan’s Customs and Tariff Bureau.
What are the Ocean AFR data elements?
In addition to requiring more data elements, the quality of the information transmitted is also of key importance. For example, in the ‘Description of Goods’ field, it is no longer acceptable to simply state that a shipment contains ‘apparel’. Instead, the field must be populated with a more robust description, i.e. “Women’s knitted shirts, 100% cotton’.
Japan Customs has stated that incomplete filings will not be accepted.
Also, for some fields, further party and sourcing information is required. Previously, for example, including only a consignee’s name was acceptable. Under the new directive, a consignee’s full address, telephone number and country code are required.
Download a PDF provided by Japan’s Customs and Tariff Bureau Japan Ocean AFR required data elements. This is a full listing of the anticipated amended data elements that will be required for inclusion in a Japan Ocean AFR filing.
What will be the penalties for non-compliance?
Japan Customs has noted that “penal provisions could be applied” and that cargo may not be unloaded “without the permission of discharge by Japan Customs.” In addition, the agency has stated that those who do not submit cargo information may be “liable to imprisonment with labor for up to a maximum period of one year or a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand yen.”
What is the anticipated implementation time for Japan’s AFR?
Following a rollout in a number of stages, the regulation is now in full effect.
As an authorized service provider, Descartes can also help filers obtain a Reporter ID, a designation similar to a Standard Carrier Alpha Code (SCAC) in the United States. A Reporter ID is required to file a Japan Ocean AFR submission.
Descartes Japan Ocean AFR
Descartes has worked closely with the NACCS Center to electronically submit Japan Ocean AFR manifest information to Japan Customs.
Potential benefits of our web-based solution to comply with Japan Ocean AFR include:
- Reduced risk, improved compliance: The Descartes Japan Ocean AFR solution helps carriers and NVOCCs to comply with legislative requirements while helping mitigate the risk of errors, delays and penalties.
- Improved efficiency and productivity: Descartes Japan Ocean AFR users can leverage a single point of access to manage their data entry and filing to ensure compliance with the ruling.
- Global visibility: Descartes Japan Ocean AFR users can gain complete real-time global visibility into the status of cargo as it relates to Japan Ocean AFR, and can leverage the Descartes GLN to distribute Customs messages and status information to their client base.
- Proven performance: Much of the data required for compliance with Japan Ocean AFR already flows through the Descartes GLN and can be easily modified to help meet current legislative requirements.